Together we can reduce emissions

CLOVE (Consortium for ultra Low Vehicle Emissions) is a consortium of European academic, research and business experts in the field of emissions. The consortium was created to offer its expertise to the European Commission regarding emissions analysis and reduction and had worked together with the Commission on several fact-finding studies in their joint effort to find effective solutions to reduce emissions on the continent and beyond.


is a university laboratory with extensive experience in conducting emissions testing for M1, N1 and L-category vehicles, as well as engines for these vehicle types. LAT/AUTh is equipped with latest emission testing facilities that are able to test vehicles complying with up to Euro 6 emission limits, in both the laboratory and on the road under real driving conditions. Lately, LAT/AUTh has provided technical services to the EC in the areas of Euro 5 step for L-vehicles, diesel car NOx emissions, PM OBD testing and WLTP/NEDC correlation work for M1 and N1 vehicles. Further to testing expertise and facilities, LAT/AUTh has also significant experience in the specific area of Mand N-vehicles emissions assessment. Currently, LAT/AUTh is leading the CLOVE consortium performing the “Study on post-EURO 6/VI emission standards in Europe”, as well as additional projects within the same framework contract under which this study also falls.


personnel have coordinated several studies regarding assessment of environmental regulations and have provided input to impact assessment studies related to road vehicles. EMISIA has significant expertise and the technical capability to run such projects, since the personnel of EMISIA has been involved in several EC and private sector projects involving technical specifications analysis, stakeholder consultations and literature review, vehicle testing and measurements, impact and cost-benefit analysis (CBA), as well reporting and communication.


(FEV Europe GmbH) is one of the world’s largest independent engineering service suppliers in the automotive industry with headquarters in Aachen, Germany. FEV designs and develops engines for non-road mobile machinery, LD and HD vehicles as well as ships and locomotives – from concept through to start of production. FEV manufactures and operates test rigs and test cells for the testing of engines and vehicles with focus on function, emissions, NVH (noise, vibration, harshness) and durability. As an example, FEV has developed a control unit for on-board diagnostics (OBD) emulation and testing called the ‘ASM Box’. The long partnership with the Institute for Combustion Engines, Aachen (VKA RWTH), gives FEV an extensive outlook and experience on alternative, Bio- and E-fuels. 


is a global strategic engineering and environmental consultancy with its origins in engine design and testing. Both the core engineering business and Energy and Environment (E&E) practice of Ricardo will contribute to the consortium project. The core engineering business of Ric ardo owns advanced testing facilities and equipment, including climatic chassis dynamometer testing of LD vehicles and PEMS and has experience on measurement, analysis and interpretation of advanced and unregulated emissions using both on-line and off-line instrumentation and with relevance to combustion, engines, fuels, lubricants and catalysis. The E&E practice of Ricardo contributions include perspectives on air quality and health, city air quality and policy approaches including geofencing and global regulatory perspectives. Together the engineering and environmental contributions provide a synergistic understanding of regulatory, environmental, chemical and engineering impacts on emissions and effectiveness of OBD monitoring solutions.


has been testing vehicles for air quality, technology, and policy assessments for many decades. TNO collaborates closely with Dutch authorities, such as the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water management, RDW (Dutch vehicle authority), the policy agencies, health institute, and National Statistics. Apart from test facilities, such as a dynamometer in a climate chamber and engine test beds, and PEMS testing, with accreditation for HD in-service conformity (ISC) testing, TNO has developed a sensor-based portable emission measurement system (SEMS) for vehicle emissions monitoring, and currently runs relevant programmes to continuously collect data from vehicles in the market. TNO has long standing experience in assessing and developing emission legislation (Euro-6/VI, RDE, WLTP, VECTO, ISC, market surveillance) actively participating in expert groups and projects of the European Commission.


has, as a Technical University, in general a broad basis of personnel with know-how in all relevant areas of this proposal and the corresponding infrastructure. The Institute of Internal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics with the Emissions team involved in this proposal, has a long history in measurement and simulation of energy consumption and emissions for all vehicle categories and technologies. The team is continuously supporting DG GROW and DG CLIMA in the development of the methods, the corresponding software and the regulatory text for HD vehicles
CO2 determination since 2009. Therefore, the personnel have a unique overview and understanding of all related methods, processes and tasks necessary to address the objectives of this assignment.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd

is a state owned and controlled non-profit limited liability company. VTT’s research team in the field of engine and vehicle emissions has gained vast experience from participation in numerous European R&D Framework Programme projects, and in projects within the International Energy Agency Technology Collaboration Programme on Advanced Motor Fuels (IEA-AMF). Research has focused in the field of engines/vehicles, fuels and exhaust emissions. Measurements of the regulated and unregulated emissions and exhaust toxicity has been in focus for almost 30 years in the development work of clean combinations of engines, vehicles, fuels and aftertreatment devices. VTT has various in-house methods for in-depth characterization of exhaust. VTT is an accredited testing laboratory for measurements of
regulated emissions from LD vehicles, HD engines, HD vehicles, off-road engines (below 570 kW) and medium-speed engines. VTT has contributed also in the preparation of emission legislation nationally and within the EC and EFTA countries.